Economists, planners and welfare governments, all over the world have been busy finding out solution to the problem of poverty which has remained the main stumbling block to the progress of mankind. There have been numerous meetings, conferences and summits both at macro and micro levels to address the issue of poverty eradication and alleviation. UN General Assembly even declared the period from 1997 to 2006 as the first UN decade for eradication of poverty. Education is often described as a tool to eradicate poverty. Since the link between education and poverty is neither a linear nor a simple cause and effect relationship, it can be concerned that lack of education is perhaps the most important reason for poverty. It has been an accepted fact that poverty reduction or eradication through education can never be achieved without the right mix of policies and strategies guided by a strong commitment to achieve that.
Any discussion on poverty eradication in India can never be fruitful without a study on the most deprived sections of the society called Scheduled Tribe. Despite sixty five years of independence and despite constitutional safeguards, these Scheduled Tribes continue to live in abject poverty and most of the problems faced by the Tribals are because of their low literacy rate. It has also been accepted that education holds key to Tribal Empowerment and Sustainable Development. When the entire nation is trying to find a way to prepare a level playing field for the Tribals, a frail looking young man Achyuta Samanta with his firm conviction that education can get tribals out from poverty started a small institution which now has turned into Kalinga Institute of Social Sciences (KISS) the largest residential institution for 20,000 tribal children where they are provided with food, accommodation, healthcare and education from KG to PG absolutely free.